The National Police College (NPC) conducted its third symposium on peace, security and justice, as top government officials and experts joined researchers and scholars to deliberate on how best to confront emerging security challenges.
The symposium held at the Rwanda National Police headquarters in Kacyiru was part of the Police Senior Command and Staff Course programme organized ahead of the graduation of the fourth intake of 31 Police students from 10 African countries.
The countries are Ethiopia, The Gambia, Kenya, Namibia, Burundi, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Rwanda, the host.
The symposium is organized to enrich the understanding of Police senior command students on issues around peace, security and justice by sharing experience with scholars, policy makers and other eminent officials whose work greatly influence the shaping of norms in the three areas.
It was held under the theme “Confronting the Emerging Security Challenges: Rethinking Strategy.”
The Minister of Internal Security, Sheikh Musa Fazil Harerimana, who officiated at the opening of the one-day symposium, said that the symposium brings its contribution to the fight against dynamic security threats in the region such as terrorism and other transnational crimes affecting the security of individual countries.
“It is evident that addressing challenges associated with the changing nature of security environment requires police officers to be equipped with necessary analytical tools and deep understanding of national, regional as well as global security landscape,” Minister Harerimana said.
Panelist included ministers; Gen. James Kabarebe of Defense, Johnston Busingye of Justice and Inspector General of Police (IGP) Emmanuel K. Gasana.
Others are Prof. Anastase Shyaka, the CEO of Rwanda Governance Board, who deliberated on the issues to do with good governance as a pillar of sustainable security; Dr. Ochieng Kamudhayi of the Institute of Diplomacy and international relations studies of the University of Nairobi, who discussed issues related to Africa’s peace and conflicts, Stephen Anthony Rodriques, the country director of UNDP (UN in post conflict peace building-challenges and opportunities), the special representative of Interpol to the African Union, Francis Rwego, who discussed on ‘crime in a globalised and interconnected world: evolvement and future trends, Col Francis Mutiganda, discussed on emerging security threats: case of terrorism.
Minister Kabarebe, who tackled the issue of foreign interference versus African sovereignty, noted that foreign interference has changed according to globalization which is getting more sophisticated compared to colonialism.
“Foreign interference on Africa is much easier than before simply because Africans handed themselves in for exploitation; foreign accusations against Rwanda are there to advance the interests of the West,” Minister Kabarebe said.
While deliberating on the legal and policy response to the changing nature of crime, Minister Busingye noted that “If we continue being too traditional on professional secrecy, we are giving a loop hole to crimes which go through space due to globalization.”
IGP Gasana, who tackled issues of challenges and prospects in policing a rapidly evolving crime environment, underscored that Africans must have the culture of solving their security problems through cooperation and sharing information on threats.
“Today Crimes are more sophisticated. Emerging crimes affect security, developments and economies…we should consider regional resourcing to confront these modern crimes,” IGP Gasana said.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Louis Mushikiwabo, who gave a keynote at the closing of the symposium, said that peace and security dynamics of the 21st century are growing very complex and very unpredictable.
“What that means is that we all have to be prepared for unpredictability to confront challenges we hadn’t anticipated and haven’t been thinking about,” Minister Mushikiwabo said.
“I am very glad that you discussed governance in matters of security… It is imperative. Deterrence is one of the important steps to lasting security. It is about working on the hands and minds of people…it’s the biggest investment in security; it is to deter to keep human being from committing crimes and from connecting across nations,” she added.
“We have a compelling need to be aware of the trends and the impact in order to be able to reshape policy, create the right legal and operational frameworks both at national, sub-regional, regional and global levels.”
Commissioner of Police (CP) Felix Namuhoranye, the commandant of NPC, said that different lectures were covered during the one year course, and advanced learning activities such as internal and external study tours as well as symposium on relevant themes are organized to enhance students’ understanding and expand their analytical capacity.